Mauritanian desert

Discovering the desert

Walking in the Mauritanian desert is a quest for the absolute, a personal challenge and an inner spiritual journey where each step is closer to self-knowledge.

Mauritania has remarkable desert landscapes, sometimes in the form of conquering or fixed sand dunes, majestic or timid, sometimes in the form of stones which generates landscapes that conceal, under an apparent uniformity, great differences.
It can be massive sandstone with picturesque nipples, carved rocks, regs like the Inchiri or the Tiris, powerful tabular cliffs like the Adrar Ridge with its ravines, canyons, caves, etc. These landscapes are particularly characteristic of the regions of Adrar, Tagant, Hodh Chargui, Hodh Garbi and Assaba.

These splendid landscapes, very varied and rarely monotonous, are intersected by zones of vegetable, animal and human lives, in the form of camps or permanent oases. In many cases, these constitute magnificent landscapes: oasis of Terjit, Kasr Torchane, Toungat, Agueni, etc. in the vicinity of Atar and  Kamour, Guérou, Kankossa in the neighborhood of Kiffa.

The extremely flat Saharan peneplains (Karet, Yetti, Ghallamane, Amsaga) extend from the eastern border to the northeastern borders of the country. Occasionally, isolated mounds are the remains of ancient reliefs: the jibals of the Adrar and Kediet ej-jill.

There are ergs oriented from north-east to south-east: the ergs of Iguidi, Al Hamami, Azeffal and Akchar. To the north, the Sahara (Tiris Zemmour, Dakhlet Nouadhibou) was the domain of the great nomads now established mostly in the cities of Zouerate, F'Derick and Nouadhibou.

The desert visiting lasts an average of eight days and may take the form of hikes using different means of transport: on foot, by camel or in a 4x4 vehicle. The absence of any accommodation equipment in the places visited implies that the accommodation may take the form of bivouacs by using removable and transportable tents.

The contemplation of the natural landscapes can be associated with rest stops in the inhabited places that allow to come into contact with the resident populations and to experience their way of life.

They also allow to visit existing historical and cultural sites.

Desert discovery tours are increasingly enhanced by supplements such as:

- A train trip on "Train du désert " across all or a portion of the railway from Zouerate to Nouadhibou;

  - Sport fishing with accommodation in a campsite near Nouhadibou

  - The falcon hunt  an Increasingly trips attendance

  - Stays or cultural tours, with themed stays and visits to listed world heritage ancient cities.

  - Stays and tours of eco-tourism-only type, thanks to the visit of both parks of Banc d'Arguin and Diawling.